TULIP - meaning
Botanical name = Tulipa
The meaning of the flower, may allude to the Love perfect, and the Magnificence, but the tulip has a history that's very very long and rich: read it below in the tab "Description".
(taken from the book of Alfredo Cattabiani "Florario. Myths, legends, and symbols of flowers and plants", Editions of Oscar Mondadori. A book to read and consult ! )
The flower of the sultan.
In 1554, the austrian ambassador to Istanbul brought to Vienna the first tulip. But it was not a flower bath: it came from Persia, where the bulbs, which grow spontaneously, began to be cultivated a thousand years ago.
An ancient Persian legend tells that one day the young Shirin walked away from his country where he lived a beautiful maiden named Ferhad, and that he was in love. Her, I waited patiently until he decided to start his search by venturing deep into the wilderness. But he could not long resist the fatigue and pain: when he fell to the ground, the sharp stones of the wounded limb and made to flow drops of blood that mixed with the tears turning into red tulips.
Even today in Iran lovers exchange the tholypem as a symbol of Love.
Also in the " Thousand and one night lovers we offer tulips as a declaration and pledge of love. On the shores of the Bosphorus, became popular at the time of the sultans Osmanidi, so much so that they served as decoration for dances, as is shown in the many chronicles of the ambassadors in the west. One night they were lit up with little coloured lanterns were placed on carts pulled by turtles that moved slowly to the avenues of the park, while from the many cages hanging from the trees twittered the usignuoli and from the top were falling rose petals. They were cultivated also in the gardens of the harem where the women prisoners were waiting with trepidation, that the lord chose the favorite of the night, throwing her a red tulip. In the mosques of Istanbul and of Edime were even depicted on the tiles.
Liked to this point in Vienna that spread rapidly both in the gardens of the court and in those of the scholars and the bankers of Antwerp, Brussels and Augsburg. It came from the Ottoman empire, it is believed, erroneously, that the name of the plant comes from the Turkish dulband, a turban, so much so that the English were, however, also "caps the turks".
Li also studied a French botanist, the Clusius, superintendent of the gardens of the emperor of Austria, between 1573 and 1589: he even created new varieties with different colors and sizes. In 1578, was invited to lecture at the university of Leiden, in the Netherlands, they brought some of the bulb itself, and the tulips they found a land particularly suited to their cultivation. France was to assert that the fashion at the beginning of the next century, thanks to the women who wore them in the neckline of the dresses. The fashion spread, so the tulips were not slow to reach exorbitant prices: a groom accepted as part of the dowry of his wife, and only one bulb, called the mariage de ma fille, the wedding of my daughter.
From France the mania spread in Flanders and later in Holland, where he took advantage of the situation to select new varieties and submit them to intensive cultivation. It was created a new unit of weight, the perit, to evaluate the bulbs, while bargaining, the most relevant took place initially in the palace of the merchant van der Burse at Bruges, which became the headquarters not only of the trade of tulips, but also other products. It derived as well from its name, through French, the word exchange, which indicates the place of trading of equity securities and currencies.
At the beginning of the Seventeenth century was Amsterdam to become gradually the most important commercial centre of the area, where the people earned or lost large sums of money by betting on the color of the new bulbs, but also on the prices as unpredictable as those of the current Bags. The flemish painters took advantage of the fashion for paintings where stood the idolized tulip.
At the end of 1634 many naive invested considerable sums of money on tulips, followed even by the artisans and laborers who bought on credit. You traded the bulbs are not yet available, speculating with forward operations via the "colleges" are not organized which met in the taverns. But that growth junkie was not destined to last: in February 1637, prices collapsed, resulting in huge losses.
The production and sale of bulbs continued even when, little by little, the fashion fever of the beginning of the century began to fail. However, even now, the cultivation of tulips is one of the most profitable of the Netherlands that almost identifies himself with the flower of the ottoman sultans.
It was a well-deserved success because of the various species of tulip, which flowers funnel-shaped or bell-shaped, in colors that vary from white to yellow, from red to violet, or more rarely black, were born new varieties in the progression plane. Inspired by the symbols and messages on the love-in the wake of the tulip Persian who had conjured the Love perfect. He was also a song in Italian in the Forties by Riccardo Morbelli and Mario Grever, Tulipan, delightfully sung by the Trio Lescano, which showed the tulips as symbols of Love and Peace:
"They speak to each other / the tuli tuli tuli tulipan / murmur in the choir / the tuli tuli tuli tulipan / Hate song / lovely / in the magic sospiroso? / Speak of love / the tuli tuli tuli tulipan, / all my dreams / you giungeran, / and me will talk to you about / the wonderful / tuli tuli tuli tuli / tuli tuli tulipan...
But you never came to a unique symbol: in fact, from time to time in flower, may allude to the Love perfect, but also to Inconstancy in love, to Honesty as a Lack of discernment, and finally to the Magnificence. It can also convey a message more complex: "I admire a lot, my sweet girl, but to me, it rattles your confidence". Those who want to make you feel very embarrassed, fearing that his message is not to be interpreted faithfully. If it is wild it symbolizes the First Love.
- Season of Availability
- Normally from December to April. Then on ordering it can be found, but are not of good quality.